For our Circular Water Stories project we visited the manmade spreng-beken (wellspring brooks) water system south of the push moraine Veluwe.
In the Renkumse Beekdal (brook valley) the brooks meandered through wooded lowland to the Lower Rhine River passing the former and current paper mills and factories of Van Gelder and Parenco.
More to the north east area the brooks have been transformed into landscape architectural elements on the vast park grounds of Castle Rosendael. Waterfalls and fountains are fed by these sprengenbeken and driven by the unusual height difference (by Dutch standards) in the terrain. Subsequent owners of the castle and grounds made additions to and transformed the garden. In the 19th century famed Dutch landscape architect Jan David Zocher Junior made a great statement and created the big water ponds by joining individual smaller water element and ponds together.
Impression of the Renkumse Beekdal (brook valley)